Samples are retrieved from archaelogical digs (e.g. a tooth from human remains) and the DNA is scanned in a complex process aligning the data with the human genome. Samples which are of high quality can then be processed as Ancient DNA samples.
If you have already tested your Y-DNA or mtDNA, you can determine if you share any common male or female ancestors with nobility and some other famous people.
Autosomal DNA is a term used in genetic genealogy to describe DNA which is inherited from the autosomal chromosomes. An autosome is any of the numbered chromosomes, as opposed to the sex chromosomes. Humans have 22 pairs of autosomes and one pair of sex chromosomes (the X chromosome and the Y chromosome)
A Y chromosome DNA test (Y-DNA test) is a genealogical DNA test which is used to explore a man's patrilineal or direct father's-line ancestry. The Y chromosome, like the patrilineal surname, passes down virtually unchanged from father to son.
Our mitochondrial DNA accounts for a small portion of our total DNA. It contains just 37 of the 20,000 to 25,000 protein-coding genes in our body. But it is notably distinct from DNA in the nucleus. Unlike nuclear DNA, which comes from both parents, mitochondrial DNA comes only from the mother.
The Haplogroup Analytics feature aggregates the known haplogroups of all your ancient matching samples. This provides an estimation of your ancient family tree male and female lines - in this case all matching males will offer a Y-DNA haplogroup. The collective results are displayed and very often display one's own known haplogroups.
A sample match means you share genetic markers with the sample and indicates you share similiar ancestry (the smaller the genetic distance, the closer you are). A deep dive match means you share DNA segments with the sample providing direct evidence of common ancestry with the individual.
Our system deletes all uploaded DNA files as soon as processing completes. This means any future features requiring your raw sample will need the same.